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What is a Marketing Mix and What are the 7Ps?

The marketing mix is a term used to describe the strategies we use to meet client needs and establish our offering effectively in their minds. It involves the 7Ps, which are Product, Price, Place, and Promotion, as well as an extra three components, People, Process, and Physical Evidence, that assist us in overcoming the problems of marketing services.

The marketing mix consists of methodical actions that support brand differentiation from rivals, adapt to changing consumer expectations, and ultimately increase revenue.

The target market is the first thing a business or marketing manager or executive considers. It pinpoints the target market looking for a solution to ease their problems. It also takes into account the opposition or other well-known companies that market and sell a comparable product.

What are the 4Ps? 


This refers to the production of the business, whether it be a product, service, or a combination of both, that is created to satisfy the fundamental needs of the client. Finding the ideal combination of benefits to fulfill this need is the difficult part. When consumer needs shift, rivals advance, or new opportunities present themselves, the companies need to enhance their offering, develop updated versions of current items, or introduce entirely new products.

Remember that your product market research should ideally include your target market’s income levels, and how frequently they purchase expensive or inexpensive goods. Other aspects include regional factors like local, cultural, or national characteristics and how they affect how your target market, and how they prefer to shop.


One of the marketing mix’s four key components is pricing. it is the only revenue-generating component of the marketing mix; the other components are cost centers, which raise a company’s costs. The company model and pricing are closely related.

The company’s revenue sources are conceptually represented by the business model. Any significant price changes will have an impact on a specific business model’s viability.

What are its main objectives?

  1. Generate profit and reach the company’s financial objectives.
  2. Conform within the constraints of the market.
  3. Be consistent with the other elements of the marketing mix and support a product’s positioning.


The relevance of place in a product’s availability in the market for consumers can be better understood by considering how the place fits into the seven Ps of marketing. Variations in the core distribution mix of a place are seen based on various product attributes.

Place refers to the process of getting things from the producer to the intended consumer in the marketing mix. In other terms, it refers to the process and place of goods purchases. Several middlemen, including distributors, wholesalers, and retailers, may be involved in this process. Furthermore, a more recent method is the internet, which is now itself a marketplace.

An organization can boost sales and keep them up for a longer time by using a suitable place. This would result in a larger market share, higher sales, and higher profits.


To accomplish a certain marketing objective, a promotional mix combines marketing strategies such as direct marketing, sales, public relations, and advertising. Usually, the promotional mix is just a small component of the overall marketing mix. You might decide to use a couple of the strategies or that a mix of them all might work best for your campaign.

How to use a promotional mix?

  • Decide who your target market is.
  • Leverage advertising.
  • Utilize public relations
  • Make use of sales promotion.
  • Use direct advertising.

Direct marketing, which is used to deliver a service or message, is another component of a promotional mix. Since it helps businesses save time and money, this approach has become more and more common over time.

What are the 7Ps?

This approach adds three additional elements to align with customers. It is also known as the expanded MM model or service marketing mix. To assist contemporary organizations in better aligning their marketing strategies, the expanded marketing mix model was established.

Nowadays, the 7Ps are employed more frequently than the 4Ps because they are more advanced and can better meet the expectations of customers who want transparency and personalization from the brands they rely on.


When communicating with consumers, whether in person, over the phone, via online chat, on social media, or through the contact center, a company’s employees are at the forefront. They take and handle their questions, orders, and complaints. Throughout the customer’s journey, they engage with them and become the “face” of the company. It is important to maximize their familiarity with the company’s products and services and how to utilize them, as well as their access to pertinent information and general outlook. 


All businesses want to provide a seamless, effective, and customer-friendly experience, but this cannot be done without the proper processes. From marketing to your target audience and personalizing communications to product distribution, everything falls under this category. One strategy to lower consumer discontent is to make operations more efficient. Marketing automation is one of the greatest methods for doing this.

Physical evidence

Even if the majority of the services that customers pay for are intangible, almost all of them nevertheless have some tangible components.

The marketing mix, also known as the 7Ps, is a combination of strategies’ application and coordination that puts a company clearly on the radar of customers. A product that meets client wants, which is what marketing is all about, helps businesses or start-ups stand out from competitors.

Read more: The Most Common Mistakes Founders Often Make

Snigdha Basu
Snigdha Basu
A multifaceted writer, Snigdha Basu is a freelancer and a columnist at Entrepreneurs Today. She also spearheads Chic Life Edition - her own Digital Magazine with sustainable fashion, beauty, and culture at its core. Reach out to Snigdha at [email protected] for inquiries.
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